It is characterized by compulsive drug craving, seeking, and use that persists even if the user is aware of severe adverse consequences. For some people, addiction becomes chronic, with periodic relapses even after long periods of abstinence.
Dependent personality disorder DPD is one of the most frequently diagnosed personality disorders. It occurs equally in men and women, usually becoming apparent in young adulthood or later as important adult relationships form. People with DPD become emotionally overdependent on other people and spend great effort trying to please others.
People with DPD tend to display needy, passive, and clinging behavior, and have a fear of separation.
Other common characteristics of this personality disorder include: Inability to make decisions, even everyday decisions like what to wear, without the advice and reassurance of others Avoidance of adult responsibilities by acting passive and helpless; dependence on a spouse or friend to make decisions like where to work and live Intense fear of abandonment and a sense of devastation or helplessness when relationships end; a person with DPD often moves right into another relationship when one ends.
Oversensitivity to criticism Pessimism and lack of self-confidence, including a belief that they are unable to care for themselves Avoidance of disagreeing with others for fear of losing support or approval Inability to start projects or tasks because of a lack of self-confidence Difficulty being alone Willingness to tolerate mistreatment and abuse from others Placing the needs of their caregivers above their own Tendency to be naive and to fantasize What Causes DPD?
Although the exact cause of DPD is not known, it most likely involves a combination of biological, developmental, temperamental, and psychological factors. Some researchers believe an authoritarian or overprotective parenting style can lead to the development of dependent personality traits in people who are susceptible to the disorder.
A diagnosis of DPD must be distinguished from borderline personality disorderas the two share common symptoms. In borderline personality disorder, the person responds to fears of abandonment with feelings of rage and emptiness. With DPD, the person responds to the fear with submissiveness and seeks another relationship to maintain his or her dependency.
If most or all the above symptoms of DPD are present, the doctor will begin an evaluation by taking a thorough medical and psychiatric history and possibly a basic physical exam. Although there are no laboratory tests to specifically diagnose personality disorders, the doctor might use various diagnostic tests to rule out physical illness as the cause of the symptoms.
If the doctor finds no physical reason for the symptoms, he or she might refer the person to a psychiatrist, psychologistor other health care professional trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses.
Psychiatrists and psychologists use specially designed interview and assessment tools to evaluate a person for a personality disorder. As is the case with many personality disorders, people with DPD generally do not seek treatment for the disorder itself.
Rather, they might seek treatment when a problem in their lives -- often resulting from thinking or behavior related to the disorder -- becomes overwhelming, and they are no longer able to cope.
People with DPD are prone to developing depression or anxietysymptoms that might prompt the individual to seek help.
Psychotherapy a type of counseling is the main method of treatment for DPD. The goal of therapy is to help the person with DPD become more active and independent, and to learn to form healthy relationships.
Short-term therapy with specific goals is preferred when the focus is on managing behaviors that interfere with functioning.
It is often useful for the therapist and patient together to pay attention to the role of therapist in order to recognize and address ways in which the patient may form the same kind of passive reliance in the treatment relationship that happens outside of treatment.Leavitt () says that a person dependant on drugs usually carries three basic characteristics that are indicators.
The first characteristic is that the user continues to use final characteristic of a drug dependent could be mental distress or physical pain due to. ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Between 30 and 50 percent of persons who die by suicide have a dependence on alcohol or drugs or have shown a pattern of abuse of those substances.
|ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE APPROACHES TO DISEASE||The functions of psychotropic drugs To consider drugs only as medicinal agents or to insist that drugs be confined to prescribed medical practice is to fail to understand human nature.|
|Encyclopedia of||Starlite Recovery Center 1. Addiction is a disease that generally progresses slowly.|
Benny July 13, am. Max, As we know, examiners often reject the first independent claim but concede that a combination of dependent and independent claims would be patent eligible. Drug Dependence/Addiction There are three basic characteristics that indicate that the user is dependent on a drug.
First, the user continues to use the drug for an extended period of time. [tags: Drugs Narcotics Research Papers].
Home» Copywriting» Three basic characteristics of a drug dependent person Design. Essay writing service ratings 2) observation.
also known more properly three basic characteristics of a drug dependent person as the use of classical conditioning in commercials anabolicandrogenic steroids (AAS).
Substance dependence, also known as drug dependence, is an adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration, and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug use.
  A drug addiction, a distinct concept from substance dependence, is defined as compulsive, out-of-control drug use, despite negative consequences.