There is a wealth of material from ancient Greece pertinent to issues of sexuality, ranging from dialogues of Plato, such as the Symposium, to plays by Aristophanes, and Greek artwork and vases. What follows is a brief description of ancient Greek attitudes, but it is important to recognize that there was regional variation. For example, in parts of Ionia there were general strictures against same-sex eros, while in Elis and Boiotia e.
Received Sep 18; Accepted Dec This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background The relationship between users and health services is considered essential to strengthen the quality of care.
However, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender population suffer from prejudice and discrimination in access and use of these services. This study aimed to identify the difficulties associated with homosexuality in access and utilization of health services.
The studies were evaluated according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criterias. Results The electronic databases search resulted in studies, of which 14 met all inclusion criteria.
Quantitative articles were predominant, showing the country of United States of America to be the largest producer of research on the topic. The studies reveal that the homosexual population have difficulties of access to health services as a result of heteronormative attitudes imposed by health professionals.
The discriminatory attendance implies in human rights violations in access to health services. Conclusions The non-heterosexual orientation was a determinant factor in the difficulties of accessing health care. A lot must still be achieved to ensure access to health services for sexual minorities, through the adoption of holistic and welcoming attitudes.
The results of this study highlight the need for larger discussions about the theme, through new research and debates, with the aim of enhancing professionals and services for the health care of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons. Homosexuality, Comprehensive health care, Health services, Health services accessibility Background The right to health is considered universal, resulting from a big political mobilization of society.
Health care, as a right and duty of the State is, however, an ideal. The reality is that many countries are crossed by frames of exclusion and violation of fundamental human rights, especially for minority social groups such as Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, and Transgenders LGBT.
Reflecting a new form of expression of sexuality, homosexuality is a condition in which a individual seeks sexual, erotic, and emotional satisfaction with someone of the same sex [ 1 ].
In response to this situation, the LGBT movement has been consolidating worldwide to denounce violations of human and social rights related to the homosexual population, and claim equal rights, especially for access to health services, free of prejudice and discrimination [ 2 ].
Although this is a multifactorial scenario, it may be further complicated because of the poor access to health care and the discriminatory practices of involved professionals stemming from homophobia [ 3 — 5 ]. The fact is that experiences of discrimination and prejudice against sexual minorities can directly contribute to a poorer health status [ 1 ].
Social stigmatization imposed on sexual minorities have encouraged the recent increase in scientific studies around homosexuality and its relationship with the process of health and disease [ 6 ].
In response to the LGBT social movement, some countries, Brazil among them, began to consider the specific needs of this group.
To this end, the formulation of public health policies began, such as the Brazil without Homophobia Program, inand the preliminary version of the National Comprehensive LGBT Health Plan, in [ 2 ]. Despite the fact that advances were identified, one still observe the difficulties faced by LGBT people in accessing the health system as a result of prejudicial and discriminatory behavior, often adopted by health professionals.
Besides biomedical and epidemiological information on disease prevalence, risk, and vulnerability, it becomes important to know the formulation of public health policies directed to the group, implications of gender issues, the structuring of health services, and performance of professionals, since these make up the factors that directly interfere with access and that guarantee the right to health of the homosexual population [ 67 ].
Therefore, this study aimed to identify the difficulties associated with homosexuality in access and utilization of health services through the bibliographic survey of scientific literature on the matter. Research question and objective of the review The following question informed the review guideline: The following databases were consulted: The option to choose MeSH 3 or MeSH 4 was due to the similarity of their meanings, thereby enabling the identification of a bigger amount of articles on the theme.
For all the databases, the same search strategy was adopted. Collection period, inclusion and exclusion criteria for sample selection The collection period occurred from July to May Articles published between and were surveyed.
The analysis followed the predetermined eligibility criteria. The inclusion criteria were:Jan 14, · Background. The relationship between users and health services is considered essential to strengthen the quality of care. However, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender population suffer from prejudice and discrimination in access and use of these services.
Interpersonal Issues Gays And Lesbians May Have To Deal With.
here are some social struggles gay and lesbian people might have to deal with in their lives: Like I said, the social problems gay people have to deal with are ultimately rooted in intolerance and discrimination.
However, you can still address many of the more . the NORC General Social Surveys shows that from through , 70 to 78 percent of the Explaining the Growing Support for Gay and Lesbian Equality Since and a growing popular media presence by gays and lesbians, have all contributed to a reframing of the public discourse, leading to the growing.
We are seeing only the people, gay and straight, on screen, singing or reading news or talking fashion and politics and cooking and whatnot; as non-shocking a sight as black or Asian or Hispanic talking-heads in a once lily-white Anglo medium, the Future Shock long past.
Boswell, John, , Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century, .
For almost years, the ACLU has worked to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States.