According to Sigmund Freud, behavior is caused by unconscious thoughts, impulses and desires. He also theorized that many of our unconscious thoughts are too hard for us to deal with and so are repressed. Many of Freud's theories seem either extreme or brilliant, but I can't make up my mind about this one.
Psychology Compare and contrast the various personality theories: Support your argument based on what you learned, examples, etc. Psychodynamic Perspectives- view personality as being primarily unconscious and as developing in stages.
Freud believed the personality had three structures. The id, the ego, and the super-ego. The id consists of instincts and is the reservoir of psychic energy.
It is unconscious and has no contact with reality. The id always seeks pleasure. The ego, deals with demands of reality. The ego abides by the reality principle; it checks the demands of the id for pleasure against what is possible into the real world. Psychodynamic essay ego helps us to test reality, to see how far we can go in satisfying our desires without getting into trouble and hurting ourselves.
The super-ego is the moral branch of personality. Some psychoanalysts who followed Freud, embracing his core ideas about personality, soon took issue with some aspects of his theory.
Dissenters questioned his ideals about sexuality, early experience, social factors, and the unconscious mind. According to Skinner, we do not have to understand biological or cognitive processes to explain personality, and that behavior always has the capacity for change if new experiences are encountered.
Social Cognitive perspective- states that behavior, environment and cognitive factors, such as thoughts, memories, and expectations, are important in understanding personality. Like the behavioral approach of Skinner, the social cognitive view relies on empirical research in studying personality.
But this research has focused not just on observable behavior but also on the cognitive factors that influence what we are like as people.
Alber Bandura and Walter Mischel are the main architects of social cognitive theory. Humanistic psychologists believe that each of us has the ability to cope with stress, to control our lives, and to achieve what we desire.
Each of us has the ability to break through and understand ourselves and our world; we can burst the cocoon and become a butterfly, say the humanists. Trait perspective- States that personality consists of broad, enduring dispositions that tend to lead to characteristic responses.
In other words, people can be described in terms of the basic ways they behave, such as whether they are outgoing and friendly or whether they are dominant and assertive. Gordon Allport, the father of trait theory, believed that each individual has a unique set of personality traits. Although, trait theorists disagree about which traits make up personality, they all agree that traits are the fundamental building blocks of personality.
I personally believe that each individual is created differently for a reason.
If we all thought the same, behaved the same, and responded to situations the same, we would have no unique qualities. With that being said, after reviewing the different perspectives, I believe each theory and comprehensive study is relevant, and has an application which can be useful with the study of personalities.Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Abstract This essay describes the purpose, goal, method and several other factors related to psychodynamic psychotherapy.
It describes that it is a therapy used to deal with the emotional matters of the patients. psychodynamic perspective DEFINITION Psychodynamic referred to as an approach to psychology that emphasises systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behaviour, feelings and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.
The psychodynamic approach includes all the theories in psychology that see human functioning based upon the interaction of drives and forces within the person, particularly unconscious, and between the different structures of the personality.
Psychodynamic approaches are useful in individual, group, couples and organizational counseling and analysis. The major contribution of psychodynamic approaches was in the area of child development and its relationship to later adult development. Cognitive Behavioral Theory and Psychodynamic Theory Essay examples - In this assignment I am going to introduce and unpack cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory.
This will include the history of each theory and the theorists that discovered and developed both. My essay is on the Psychodynamic theory based on the belief that people’s behaviour and emotions as adults are rooted in their childhood experiences.