Despite the traditional view that the Republican and the Democratic Party are completely different, they are able to find agreement on numerous political and social issues.
One-Party Systems Essay One-Party Systems Essay One-party system is an imprecise term used to refer to a broad range of political phenomena, ranging from the communist states, such as the former Soviet Union, to party systems in which one party always dominates, as illustrated by Liberal Democratic Party LDP predominance in Japan.
As Giovanni Sartori argues, when speaking in terms of party systems, a one-party system cannot exist since the concept of system implies multiple parts.
When speaking of political systems or regimes, however, a one-party system suggests a regime in which only one political party operates. Despite these apparent definitional inconsistencies, scholars and political actors alike employ the term to refer to many political regimes in which one organization that labels itself a political party regularly occupies all or most important political positions in a given country.
One-Party States One-party states are political regimes in which one and only one party is allowed to exist. Typically, this situation results from legal proscription of alternative parties or constitutional prescription of a leading role for the one party that does operate. The communist single-party states serve as the most common example, although the German Nazi Party and Baathist parties have also been parties of the state.
In the communist states, such parties typically defined their role to be to serve as the vanguard of society, leading the citizenry rather than representing it. In one-party states, where elections only serve to confirm the next occupant of an electoral position, parties nevertheless perform a key recruitment role.
Career advancement in the communist regimes was often tied to membership in the party.
At important moments, single parties have proved extremely effective at mobilizing the society to accomplish collective tasks identified by the leadership. Hegemonic-Party Systems Observers have used the term dominant party imprecisely to refer to cases that fall into both hegemonic-party systems and predominant-party systems, as well as any situation where one party easily outpolls the others on a regular basis.
The other parties exist to provide the semblance of competition; effectively they are licensed as minor parties. The governing parties in hegemonic party systems may be either ideological or pragmatic in their orientation.
Hegemonic parties play a key political recruitment role in their societies. Because they permit some pluralism of political representation, they allow for more effective political communication to flow between elites and masses than do their counterparts in one-party states.
In Mexico, the long-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party PRI allowed several small opposition parties to exist, some of which offered genuine—though loyal—opposition, others offering nothing more than token opposition in return for congressional seats.
For decades, the PRI resorted to fraud both to defeat genuine oppositionists and to create congressional seats for unpopular nominal opposition parties. Taiwan, under the Kuomintang KMTwas initially a noncommunist one-party state but became a hegemonic-party system when the KMT began allowing opponents to operate in the s.
In Mexico and Taiwan, parties that were once token opposition eventually developed strategies that allowed them to take power from the hegemonic parties.
Predominant-Party Systems Where genuine political competition exists but rarely wins office or fails to take a significant number of legislative seats, a predominant-party system may be said to operate. Some scholars would include state or regional-level party systems in the United States, such as the one-party South.
Observers often refer to such situations as one-party systems because those parties other than the one that dominates have little access to decision-making power. In such contexts, the politically ambitious will be naturally attracted to the predominant party and that party must serve as a so-called big tent.
This gravitation of the politically ambitious to the regular winner reinforces other factors that favor predominant parties; these factors can include the ideological sentiment of the voters, the capacity of governing parties to distribute pork or patronage, and electoral rules that can encourage opposition fragmentation.
Theory, Government and Politics. Smolensk under Soviet Rule. Harvard University Press, Authoritarian Politics in Modern Society: The Dynamics of Established One-party Systems.
Southern Politics in State and Nation. The One-party Dominant Regimes. Cornell University Press, Parties and Party Systems:Evolution Of American Political Party S Essay Final Exam Paper – American History 1 (HIS ) Debbie Fair Evolution of the American Political Party Systems July Professor P.
Kucsan America has seen the rise and fall of many political parties throughout its history, but the two that have managed to maintain.
Understanding The Political Party System Of Nigeria Politics Essay. Print Since the start of the third wave of democratization in , various multiparty systems have been introduced in new, restored and emerging democracies around the world (“Political Parties in Conflict-Prone Societies: Encouraging Inclusive Politics and Democratic.
One-party system is an imprecise term used to refer to a broad range of political phenomena, ranging from the communist states, such as the former Soviet Union, to party systems in which one party always dominates, as illustrated by Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) predominance in Japan.
We will write a custom essay sample on A Comparison between British and Indian Political Party Systems specifically for you for only $ $/page Order now. This essay will include what bipartisanship is, how it works, and the good things it has accomplished.
Bipartisanship is a political situation, usually in the context of a two-party system, in which opposing political parties find common ground through compromise, in theory. Free Essay: In Political Parties and Party Systems, Alan Ware summarizes the two main competing theories that attempt to explain party systems.