Human beings, after all, are the pinnacle of intelligent life.
Clear Fair All of these attributes must be true, whether the nurse is talking, speaking or acting. You also need to do these things when you are reading, writing and talking. Always keep these critical thinking attributes in mind in nursing!
Nurses have to get rid of inconsistent, irrelevant and illogical thinking as they think about patient care.
Nurses need to use language that will clearly communicate a lot of information that is key to good nursing care. It is important to note that nurses are never focused in irrelevant or trivial information.
Key Critical Thinking Skills Some skills are more important than others when it comes to critical thinking. Some of these skills are applied in patient care, via the framework known as the Nursing Process.
The skills that are most important are: Interpreting — Understanding and explaining the meaning of information, or a particular event.
Analyzing — Investigating a course of action, that is based upon data that is objective and subjective. Evaluating — This is how you assess the value of the information that you got.
Is the information relevant, reliable and credible? This skill is also needed to determine if outcomes have been fully reached. Based upon those three skills, the nurse can then use clinical reasoning to determine what the problem is. These decisions have to be based upon sound reasoning: Explaining — Clearly and concisely explaining your conclusions.
The nurse needs to be able to give a sound rationale for her answers. Self regulating — You have to monitor your own thinking processes. This means that you must reflect on the process that lead to the conclusion.
You should self correct in this process as needed. Be on alert for bias and improper assumptions.
Critical Thinking Pitfalls Errors that occur in critical thinking in nursing can cause incorrect conclusions. This is particularly dangerous in nursing, because an incorrect conclusion can lead to incorrect clinical actions.
Illogical Processes Critical thinking can fail when logic is improperly used. One common fallacy is when one uses a circular argument. Logic errors also can happen when a thinking makes generalizations and does not think about the evidence.
Bias All people have biases. Critical thinkers are able to look at their biases and do not let them compromise their thinking processes.
Biases can complicate patient care. If you think that someone who is alcoholic is a manipulator, you might ignore their complaint that they are anxious or in pain, and miss the signs of delirium tremens.Critical thinking teaches us to look for evidence instead of relying on our intuition, which is often wrong.
In evaluating a claim in the media, look for any signs of scientific evidence, preferably from several studies. In a seminal study on critical thinking and education in , Edward Glaser defines critical thinking as follows “The ability to think critically, as conceived in this volume, involves three things: (1) an attitude of being disposed to consider in a thoughtful way the problems and subjects that come within the range of one's experiences, (2) knowledge .
1. Analytical Part of critical thinking is the ability to carefully examine something, whether it is a problem, a set of data, or a text. People with analytical skills can examine information, and then understand what it means, and what it represents.
BIAS AND CRITICAL THINKING Point: there is an alternative to • being “biased” (one-sided, closed-minded, etc.) • simply having an “opinion” (by which I mean a viewpoint that has subjective value only. Critical thinking identifies both the bias in what it looks at (its object), and the biases you yourself bring to it.
If you can address these honestly, and adjust your thinking accordingly, you'll be able to see the object in light of the way it's slanted, and to understand your own biases in your reaction to it.
Committee Conclusion: Cognitive biases, such as confirmation bias, anchoring, overconfidence, sunk cost, availability, and others, appear broadly relevant to the military because of findings, from both the analysis of large-scale disasters and the broader literature on cognitive biases, that show.