Some of the things I said in the article are no longer true of me, or of what I currently believe.
Glossary What is Cerebral Palsy?
In others, the damage is a result of injury to the brain either before, during, or after birth. In either case, the damage is not repairable and the disabilities that result are permanent. Children with CP exhibit a wide variety of symptoms, including: The symptoms of CP differ in type and severity from one person to the next, and may even change in an individual over time.
Symptoms may vary greatly among individuals, depending on which parts of the brain have been injured. All people with cerebral palsy have problems with movement and posture, and some also have some level of intellectual disability, seizures, and abnormal physical sensations or perceptions, as well as other medical disorders.
People with CP also may have impaired vision or hearing, and language, and speech problems. While one child with severe CP might be unable to walk and need extensive, lifelong care, another child with mild CP might be only slightly awkward and require no special assistance. However, as the child gets older, certain symptoms may become more or less evident.
A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows the average prevalence of cerebral palsy is 3. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but supportive treatments, medications, and surgery can help many individuals improve their motor skills and ability to communicate with the world.
The signs of cerebral palsy usually appear in the early months of life, although specific diagnosis may be delayed until age two years or later. Some infants with CP have abnormal muscle tone. Decreased muscle tone hypotonia can make them appear relaxed, even floppy. In some cases, an early period of hypotonia will progress to hypertonia after the first 2 to 3 months of life.
Children with CP may also have unusual posture or favor one side of the body when they reach, crawl, or move. Some early warning signs: Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal development of part of the brain or by damage to parts of the brain that control movement.
This damage can occur before, during, or shortly after birth. Some causes of acquired cerebral palsy include brain damage in the first few months or years of life, brain infections such as bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis, problems with blood flow to the brain, or head injury from a motor vehicle accident, a fall, or child abuse.
In many cases, the cause of cerebral palsy is unknown. Possible causes include genetic abnormalities, congenital brain malformations, maternal infections or fevers, or fetal injury, for example.
The following types of brain damage may cause its characteristic symptoms: The white matter of the brain is responsible for transmitting signals inside the brain and to the rest of the body. These gaps in brain tissue interfere with the normal transmission of signals.
Any interruption of the normal process of brain growth during fetal development can cause brain malformations that interfere with the transmission of brain signals. Mutations in the genes that control brain development during this early period can keep the brain from developing normally.
Bleeding in the brain intracranial hemorrhage. Bleeding inside the brain from blocked or broken blood vessels is commonly caused by fetal stroke. Other types of fetal stroke are caused by malformed or weak blood vessels in the brain or by blood-clotting abnormalities.
Maternal infection, especially pelvic inflammatory disease, has also been shown to increase the risk of fetal stroke. Severe lack of oxygen in the brain. Asphyxia, a lack of oxygen in the brain caused by an interruption in breathing or poor oxygen supply, is common for a brief period of time in babies due to the stress of labor and delivery.
This kind of damage can also be caused by severe maternal low blood pressure, rupture of the uterus, detachment of the placenta, or problems involving the umbilical cord, or severe trauma to the head during labor and delivery.
Low birthweight and premature birth. Tiny babies born at very early gestational ages are especially at risk. Twins, triplets, and other multiple births -- even those born at term -- are linked to an increased risk of cerebral palsy.
Infections such as toxoplasmosis, rubella German measlescytomegalovirus, and herpes, can infect the womb and placenta. Inflammation triggered by infection may then go on to damage the developing nervous system in an unborn baby.
Maternal fever during pregnancy or delivery can also set off this kind of inflammatory response. Blood type incompatibility between mother and child.Obesity and Eating Disorders: The Two Extreme Eating Behaviors Essay example - On the eating spectrum, there seems to be two opposite extremes, obesity and eating disorders.
Most people would categorize their eating behavior as normal or between these two extremes. Eating Disorders Essay. Eating Disorders The two main eating disorders faced are Anorexia and Bulimia. Anorexia Nervosa, commonly called Anorexia, is an eating disorder in which the person loses more weight than what is considered healthy.
This may be through a lack of eating, extreme “dieting,” or excessive exercise. Sports, body image, peer pressure and low self-esteem can cause teens to be driven to eating disorders. Anorexia and bulimia are the two main types of eating disorders. Anorexia is the self-starving behavior that can lead to severe health problems an even death.
Kidney infections or pyelonephritis are varieties and types of infections that involve the urinary tract. Symptoms of kidney infection include abdominal and/or back pain, painful urination, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Kidney infections can be cured with antibiotics.
Since , AFOP’s Children in the Fields Campaign (CIFC) has been dedicated to ensuring that farmworker children are protected and given an opportunity to succeed in life.
I originally introduced the term “orthorexia” in the article below, published in the October issue of Yoga Journal.
Some of the things I said in the article are no longer true of .