Norman Borlaug wrestling at the University of Minnesota Borlaug was the great-grandchild of Norwegian immigrants. There they were members of Saude Lutheran Church, where Norman was both baptized and confirmed. He attended the one-teacher, one-room New Oregon 8 rural school in Howard Countythrough eighth grade. Wrestling taught me some valuable lessons
How does the country get out of the precarious situation it finds itself in today? The solution offered by mainstream political parties and the civil society is that the continuation of the democratic process affords the best chance to the country.
However, pose the same question to a man on the street and the answer could range from bringing back the army to lining up all the corrupt politicians and putting a bullet in them.
Some other would maintain that the root of the all the trouble is economy, poor law and order and the scourge of terrorism. Given that both military dictators and civilian rulers have betrayed the people of Pakistan time and again, it is surprising that there is not much talk of a mass uprising to destroy the prevalent power structure and replacing it with a system that is responsive to the needs of the populace.
On the national level there is only one political party, the Awami Workers Party AWP that endorses bringing about a revolution in Pakistan. However, even this coalition of the fragments of the left-wing political groups has admitted that this is not the right time for revolutionary politics, and has thus, decided to participate in the election process by fielding a few candidates.
So, why is there no revolutionary movement in Pakistan? The answers may be found in the history of anti-colonial movements in the subcontinent.
There were only two major armed struggles in the undivided India against the British rule. First, the war of independence of that, some historians claim, was more of a mutiny than an organised and protracted struggle.
After putting down the peril of the uprising, the British ruled in peace for nearly eight decades. This period of peace ended in when the Indian National Army led by Subhash Chander Bose, a communist intellectual, fought against the British rule with the support of the Axis powers.
Another revolt took place in when the sailors of the Royal Indian Navy mutinied against their British officers. The Pakistan Movement itself was mainly a legal and constitutional battle. Jinnah was the ideal leader to spearhead this movement because of his expertise in constitutional law.
While these struggles did hasten the departure of the British from India, the primary reason was that in the aftermath of the Second World War, Britain was in no position to maintain its rule and had already accepted that quitting India was its best option.
Compared to the other movements of national liberation like Algeria, Nicaragua and Mozambique, the independence struggle in India was predominantly legal and constitutional with non-violent means used to put pressure on the coloniser.
Also, there was little participation of the working class in the struggle. In contrast, the Algerian war of liberation that was fought from to was lead by FLN — a socialist organisation formed by the merger of smaller groups.
While estimates vary, anywhere between a million and 1. The population of Algeria was just 10 million in and it lost a staggering 10 per cent of its population in achieving independence. Thus, when Pakistan was created it did not have any historical experience in revolutionary struggles. In Pakistan the only time there was a serious attempt at mobilising the working class to bring about a radical change was between and during the anti Ayub Khan movement led by the Pakistan Peoples Party PPP.
A number of left groups that were influential in the working class became energised and played an important role in bringing PPP into power. This is where the left in Pakistan made a bad judgement and instead of continuing the struggle with the factory workers as vanguard, it stopped and pinned their hopes on PPP to bring about radical changes.
It soon faced a rude awakening when PPP abandoned its socialist agenda, dismissed left-wing provincial governments in NWFP and Balochistan, arrested the left-leaning leaders and then slapped some with charges of treason.Thousands bid adieu to Begum Kulsoom Nawaz.
Lahore: Former first lady Begum Kulsoom Nawaz was laid to rest at her family's Jati Umra estate on F. Nov 16, · The flagship project of the BRI, the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which is a major collaboration between China and Pakistan, has been rapidly progressing and the impact of the project can be seen in the lives of Pakistani people, as reflected in .
Norman Ernest Borlaug (March 25, – September 12, ) was an American agronomist and humanitarian who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green urbanagricultureinitiative.comg was awarded multiple honors for his work, including the Nobel Peace Prize, the .
Energy and the Human Journey: Where We Have Been; Where We Can Go.
By Wade Frazier. Version , published May Version published September A detailed retrospective of the Green Revolution, its achievement and limits in terms of agricultural productivity improvement, and its broader impact at social, environmental, and economic levels is provided.
Lessons learned and the strategic insights are reviewed as the world is preparing a “redux” version of the Green Revolution with more integrative . In Pakistan the only time there was a serious attempt at mobilising the working class to bring about a radical change was between and during the anti Ayub Khan movement led by the.