In the first months since the new Congress convened, the House has held dozens of hearings designed to elicit criticisms of regulations, introduced legislation that would dramatically alter the regulatory process by requiring congressional approval of all major regulations, and passed a spending bill that would slash the funding levels of regulatory agencies and restrict their ability to enact rules covering areas such as greenhouse gas emissions. In support of each of these steps, opponents of regulation argue that agency rules are damaging to the economy in general and job generation in particular. Regulations are frequently discussed only in the context of their threat to job creation, while their role in protecting lives, public health, and the environment is ignored.
Ohio US Can we do better? Here is a first, simple definition. Pornography is any material either pictures or words that is sexually explicit. This definition of pornography may pick out different types of material in different contexts, since what is viewed as sexually explicit can vary from culture to culture and over time.
Displays of women's uncovered ankles count as sexually explicit in some cultures, but not in most western cultures nowadays although they once did: There may be borderline cases too: However, some material seems clearly to count as sexually explicit in many contexts today: Within the general class of sexually explicit material, there is great variety in content.
For example, some sexually explicit material depicts women, and sometimes men, in postures of sexual display e. Some depicts non-violent sexual acts both homosexual and heterosexual between adults who are portrayed as equal and consenting participants.
Other sexually explicit representations depict acts of violent coercion: Some sexually explicit material may be degrading, without necessarily being overtly violent. This material depicts people most often women in positions of servility and subordination in their sexual relations with others, or engaged in sexual acts that many people would regard as humiliating.
Some sexually explicit material involves or depicts children. Some portrays bestiality and necrophilia; and so on. On the first definition of pornography as sexually explicit material, all such material would count as pornography, insofar as it is sexually explicit.
But this simple definition is not quite right. Anatomy textbooks for medical students are sexually explicit-they depict exposed genitalia, for example-but are rarely, if ever, viewed as pornography.
Sexual explicitness may be a necessary condition for material to count as pornographic, but it does not seem to be sufficient. So something needs to be added to the simple definition.
What else might be required? Here is a second definition. Pornography is sexually explicit material verbal or pictorial that is primarily designed to produce sexual arousal in viewers. This definition is better: Indeed, this definition is one that is frequently employed or presupposed in discussions of pornography and censorship.
Of course, it is important to distinguish here between sexually explicit material that is wholly or primarily designed to produce sexual arousal i. The film, Last Tango in Paris arguably aims to arouse audiences, but this is not its primary aim.
It does so in order to make a broader political point. It is sometimes assumed that pornography, in this second sense, is published and consumed by a small and marginalized minority.
But, while exact estimates of the size and profitability of the international trade in pornography vary somewhat, it is generally agreed that the pornography industry is a massive international enterprise, with a multi-billion dollar annual turnover.
Pornography is much more widely consumed than is sometimes supposed, and is a large and extremely profitable international industry. When many people describe something e. They seem to be saying, in addition, that it is bad-and perhaps also that its badness is not redeemed by other artistic, literary, or political merit the work may possess.
This suggests a third definition: This definition of pornography makes it analytically true that pornography is bad: It might be that all and only sexually explicit material is bad in a certain way e. But it might be that only some sexually explicit material is objectionable e.
And, of course, it is possible that no sexually explicit material is bad in the relevant way e. A number of approaches define pornography as sexually explicit material that is bad—although they disagree as to the relevant source of its badness, and consequently about what material is pornographic.
A particularly dominant approach has been to define pornography in terms of obscenity. For critical discussions of this approach see SchauerFeinbergMacKinnon If all sexually explicit material is obscene by whichever of these standards is chosen, then all sexually explicit material will be pornography on this definition.
This is the definition of pornography that moral conservatives typically favour. But the badness of pornography need not reside in obscenity.(in)Security in Building Automation: How to Create Dark Buildings with Light Speed. A number of talks in the last few years have addressed various topics in the generic area of industrial control system insecurity but only few have tapped into security of building automation systems, albeit its prevalence.
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Despite his public persona, Rudi was an excellent confidential policy adviser. ever before, though the pattern is different, with a rise in intra -industry trade, compared with the urbanagricultureinitiative.com · Ports are exposed to various risks in their internal operations and external interactions with inland transport carriers and sea-going vessels within maritime logistics urbanagricultureinitiative.com://urbanagricultureinitiative.com · SEAPORT SAFETY AND SECURITY ISSUES IN THE BALTIC SEA REGION – Outline and relevant issues of project HAZARD in – is the first issue in the series entitled PUBLICATIONS OF THEurbanagricultureinitiative.com This blog discusses the exploitation of user data as a risk to national security.
The transformation of user data [ ]. Our Common Future, Chapter 5: Food Security: Sustaining The Potential - A/42/ Annex, Chapter 5 - an element of the body of UN Documents for earth stewardship and international decades for a culture of peace and non-violence for the children of the world.